Scientists previously believed that grapes suitable for wine come from Iran, Turkey and the Caucasus. Now they have specified a specific region.
Researchers from the University of Udine conducted a genomic analysis of wine grapes grown throughout Europe. In total, specialists studied 204 genomes of cultivated (Vitis vinifera) and wild grapes.
It turned out that the ancestors of modern wines were domesticated varieties first grown in the South Caucasus. Now this region includes Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan. Domestication took place about four thousand years ago.
Scientists have confirmed that from there the grapes migrated to the Mediterranean region and to southern Europe. There, the plant was crossed with local varieties.