Sales of e20 petrol will start from next year
The Petroleum Ministry has set a target of selling E20 fuel from April 2023. This fuel will have a mixture of 80 percent petrol and 20 percent ethanol. Union Petroleum Minister Hardeep Singh Puri said that the sale of E20 petrol in the country will start from April 2023. At the same time, the amount of ethanol will be increased to 50 percent by 2025.
The Union Minister informed that India is saving revenue of Rs 41,500 crore every year by 10 percent ethanol blending. In addition, 2.7 million tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions will be reduced. He said blending of 20 percent ethanol would save $4 billion on petrol imports every year.
Bio fuel plant inaugurated
Let us tell you that on the occasion of World Biofuel Day on 10 August, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Bio Fuel Plant in Panipat, Haryana. Indian Oil Corporation has spent Rs 900 crore to build this plant. Every year 30 million liters of ethanol (bio fuel) will be produced in this plant. This is enough to drive 63,000 cars per year.
This is how bio fuel is prepared
Many types of organic products are used to prepare bio fuel. Maize, sugarcane and rice crops are commonly used to prepare bio fuel. In many countries, Jatropha, which is a type of plant, is used to prepare bio fuel (ethanol).
All these organic products are passed through several stages of chemical processing in the biofuel factory. In these factories, biofuel is produced as a final product, which has less calorific value i.e. the ability to generate energy than petrol, but the emission of carbon dioxide and other toxic gases is also less when they burn.
Bio fuel ie ethanol is beneficial in many ways. If flex fuel prepared from bio fuel is being used in the vehicle, then it can reduce pollution. When flex fuel burns in a vehicle engine, it reduces emissions of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and other hazardous gases. For example, the E20 flex fuel blend reduces carbon monoxide emissions by about 50 percent in two-wheelers and about 30 percent in four-wheelers.
Plus, this mix reduces fuel costs overall. In addition, the use of biofuels also increases the brake thermal efficiency. However, due to its calorific value, the consumption of biofuel is high.