The European Space Agency (ESA) will launch the Euclid telescope on a Falcon 9 rocket, Space News reported.
The launch was planned for the end of this year. Previously, it was supposed to use the Russian Soyuz-ST-A rocket for this, but due to the conflict between Russia and Western countries over the situation in Ukraine, ESA had to look for an alternative. It could be the promising Ariane 6, but the manufacturer still cannot put it into operation. Therefore, ESA chose SpaceX’s Falcon 9. But the launch of the telescope will take place no earlier than 2023. In addition, it is not clear how much such a transfer would cost.
The telescope will be engaged in research in the field of dark energy and dark matter, will clarify the expansion rate of the Universe and will help in creating a three-dimensional map of the distribution of galaxies in the Universe. The development of Euclid began in 2012, the observatory’s payload consists of a 1.2-meter Korsch telescope and scientific instruments VIS (VISible imager) and NISP (Near Infrared Spectrometer and Photometer).