The movements happening in the Sun are at their peak. This is all because of the ‘solar cycle’ that our sun is passing through. According to reports, a shock wave that came with the solar winds has affected the Earth’s magnetic field. There has been a crack in the magnetosphere, due to which a geomagnetic storm could affect the Earth today. From where this shockwave originated, it is not known for sure. Scientists believe that this shockwave may have started from the Coronal Mass Ejection ie CME emanating from the sunspod AR3165 made in the Sun.
This is the same sunspot, from which 10 solar flares had come out Because of this, there was a radio blackout over the Atlantic Ocean for some time. Report According to, the geomagnetic storm that is likely to hit the earth can be of G-1 category. It will be very weak and may show little effect. Due to this, there may be slight fluctuations in the power grids. There may be disturbances in satellites. However, if a geomagnetic storm is powerful enough, it can knock satellites all the way down to Earth and disrupt the Internet.
Solar flares, CMEs or geomagnetic storms emanating from the Sun are the result of the solar cycle, which has made the Sun very active. Talk about coronal mass ejections, CMEs are large clouds of solar plasma. After the solar explosion, these clouds are spread in space by the Sun’s magnetic field. Due to their rotation in space, they expand and often they reach a distance of several million miles. Sometimes it collides with the magnetic field of the planets. When their direction is towards the earth, it can cause geomagnetic disturbances. Due to these, there may be a short circuit in the satellites and the power grid may be affected. When their effect is high, they can also endanger the astronauts present in the Earth’s orbit.
At the same time, when the Sun’s magnetic energy is released, the light and particles emanating from it create solar flares. These flares are the most powerful explosions ever recorded in our solar system, releasing energy comparable to billions of hydrogen bombs. The energetic particles present in them traveling at the speed of light are also called coronal mass ejections.