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Seven inventions that Soviet scientists created the first in the whole world

In addition to the first satellite, the USSR created, for example, the first microwave ovens. More about this – in the material “Life”.

There are seven developments, the authors of which are considered to be scientists from the USSR. And in this they are ahead of the United States.

  1. Microwave oven… The development was tested at the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of the Meat Industry. And a few days after that, the Great Patriotic War began, so everything had to be postponed. At the same time, on June 13, 1941, an article about this discovery appeared in one of the USSR newspapers.

  2. The world’s first satellite of the Earth… In October 1957, Soviet scientists launched the first satellite, PS-1, into orbit around our planet (the Americans did the same only in January 1958). The satellite was a sphere, it had a diameter of 58 cm, there was a radio transmitter inside the device, and pin antennas were installed outside.

  3. Satellite television… This system was called “Orbit-1”. The first experiments of the system took place in 1965, and in 1967, 20 communications satellites appeared throughout the country. In the United States, a similar development emerged in 1975.

  1. The first spaceship… The ship was called Vostok, and its maiden flight lasted 108 minutes. As a result, the device made one orbit around the Earth. In America, an astronaut flew into space for the first time on May 5 (in the USSR – April 12) 1961, and the ship was there for only 15 minutes.

  2. First nuclear power plant and nuclear icebreaker… The first nuclear power plant Obninskaya began operation on June 26, 1954. Moreover, the entire control of this station was automated. The United States launched the first such station, Shippingport, in 1958.

The first nuclear-powered icebreaker “Lenin” was launched in the USSR in 1957. Now in the Russian Federation there are six such devices and more than 10 diesel ones. The United States has two diesel-powered icebreakers on the move, and one on the road.

  1. Airplane on hydrogen… This unit – Tu-155 – took off for the first time on April 15, 1988. Liquid nitrogen was used to operate the aircraft engine. This plane could fly with a full tank for two hours.

  2. Kirza… This fabric was obtained at the very beginning of the Second World War. As a result, thanks to this, the soldiers were provided with cheap waterproof boots. They were uncomfortable and heavy, but the military did not develop rheumatism like the American soldiers.

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