Naked Science briefly talks about the research. Specialists from the Moderna company participated in the creation of the vaccine, which also developed a vaccine against coronavirus. The principle of action of the drugs is similar. It delivers messenger RNA molecules to the cells of the body, which encode the virus protein. This triggers a reaction from the immune system.
Scientists have tested the vaccine on macaques. They were given the first injection and during the year they were given a series of “booster” ones. No serious side effects were observed in animals. By week 58, all monkeys developed antibodies and successfully neutralized 12 strains of HIV. From the 60th week, the animals began to try to infect. Vaccinated macaques were reported to have an almost 80% lower risk of infection than unvaccinated ones.
Now scientists have to finalize the vaccine.