Today, amendments to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, as well as to the Code of Administrative Offenses, come into force, which allow courts to seize vehicles of violators of the Rules of the Road in favor of the state.
Confiscation can be applied for those who are tried under article 264.1 of the Criminal Code (repeated driving while intoxicated or refusal of a medical examination), as well as under article 264.2 of the Criminal Code (driving into the oncoming lane or exceeding the speed limit by more than 60 or 80 km / h while being deprived of right).
You can confiscate a car only from the owner, that is, if the driver was driving a drunk driver who was caught a second time for this violation, but at the same time driving someone else’s car, then the owner of the car does not face confiscation. If the owner was behind the wheel, then it threatens. However, the decision is made by the court, which can impose a criminal penalty with or without confiscation of the vehicle.
Criminal liability for driving into the oncoming lane or exceeding the speed limit by more than 60 or 80 km/h appeared only in January. Six months later, the first convict under this article appeared, who got off with a fine.
Prior to these changes, if the driver was driving, being deprived of his rights, a fine of 30 thousand rubles was applied, compulsory work and arrest for up to 15 days under the Code of Administrative Offenses. In some cases, the violator was threatened with criminal prosecution, for example, if the driver was deprived of his license for drunk driving, and he again turned out to be drunk at the wheel.