Delhi government has prepared a 15 point action plan to tackle pollution in winter. Under which a strategy has been prepared to deal with pollution caused by vehicles as well as pollution caused by construction works and pollution caused by stubble burning. Its main goal is to raise the level of Air Quality Standard (AQI) in Delhi.
The Delhi government is taking the help of 2,500 civil defense volunteers to take this campaign to the people. These volunteers will be deployed at about 100 traffic intersections. Out of these, 10 volunteers will be deployed at each traffic signal.
According to a report, the most responsible for Delhi’s air pollution are vehicles running on petrol and diesel. Vehicles are responsible for 28 percent of PM 2.5 emissions in Delhi. The air quality in the national capital Delhi reaches dangerously low levels every year during winters.
Particulate matter 2.5 (PM 2.5) also exceeds the most dangerous level due to stubble burning in the neighboring states of Delhi, Haryana and Punjab. Difficulty in breathing and many lung diseases are increasing rapidly due to air pollution in Delhi.
For air quality, CPCB issues the Air Quality Index which is prepared by measuring the level of particulate matter and many other types of gases and pollution in the air. According to the AQI index, an AQI between zero and 50 is ‘good’, 51 and 100 ‘satisfactory’, 101 and 200 ‘moderate’, 201 and 300 ‘poor’, 301 and 400 ‘very poor’ and 401 and 500 are considered ‘serious’.
In view of rising pollution levels in the national capital, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) had in 2016 ruled to ban diesel vehicles older than 10 years. As per the NGT guidelines, the Delhi government has banned diesel vehicles older than 10 years and petrol vehicles older than 15 years. Delhi Transport Department is no longer issuing PUC to such vehicles.
The old vehicles that have been banned have been declared as scrap by the government, due to which there will be no purchase and sale of these vehicles. However, now such vehicles can be converted to electric to save them from scrap. For this, the Delhi government has allowed companies to sell EV Retrofitting Kits.