Scientists hypothesize that, similar to photosynthesis, such fungi perform radio synthesis, using ionizing radiation to generate chemical energy. The researchers hypothesized that this phenomenon could protect against radiation.
Therefore, scientists have grown aboard the International Space Station (ISS) Cladosporium sphaerospermum… Observations showed that radiation levels under the 1.7 millimeter thick layer of fungus were about 2.17% lower. Besides, Cladosporium sphaerospermum grew better in space – by 21%.
The researchers calculated that in order to reduce the radiation level on Mars to Earth, the habitat needs to be covered with a layer of mushrooms 2.3 meters thick.