However, the battery swapping technology found in today’s electric vehicles is effective in addressing this problem to a large extent. Battery swapping can save battery charging time and a fully charged battery can be installed in your vehicle in a matter of minutes. Let us know how the process of battery swapping works in electric vehicles-
What is battery swapping?
Battery swapping or battery-as-a-service allows electric vehicle (EV) owners to replace a discharged battery with a charged one at swap stations. When the battery is discharged, the owner can replace it by fully charging it. This will solve the problem of setting up a charging station and will also reduce the drivers’ range concerns. In addition, battery leasing can help EV owners save on the cost of purchasing a battery. Battery swapping only takes a few minutes compared to charging which can save several hours. It also requires minimal infrastructure.
how does it work?
An EV owner can go to any of the energy operator’s outlets and pick up a charged battery. He just has to pay for the service of the charged battery. This system is similar to the way consumers use LPG cylinders. The energy operator buys batteries in bulk and sets up charging stations to charge the discharged batteries.
The time it takes to swap out the battery of an electric scooter is similar to the time it takes to refill a bike. While petrol vehicles can be refueled at any petrol pump, an EV owner will have to enter into an agreement with a specific energy operator to visit their outlet every time they want to swap batteries.
Government is planning to give incentives
The central government has announced to bring a battery swapping policy in the budget 2022-2023 presented on February 1. The Center may finalize the incentives under the battery swapping policy announced in the budget within the next two months. The policy is likely to focus on battery swap services for two-wheelers such as three wheeler auto rickshaws, electric scooters and motorcycles.
Under the policy, EV owners can get an incentive of up to 20 per cent on the subscription or lease cost of the battery. The report said the incentives would be higher than the incentives given for buying clean vehicles.
What happens to a bad battery?
According to a report, more than 12 million tonnes of lithium-ion batteries are likely to be exhausted between 2021 and 2030. Batteries require large amounts of raw materials such as lithium, nickel and cobalt which have environmental and human impacts. Bad batteries emit a lot of electronic waste so they need to be recycled properly.
To keep the cost of batteries down and reduce reliance on mining, experts are working on how to recycle defective batteries to extract the valuable metals on a large scale. However, some experts believe that a better solution would be to keep the battery in use for longer periods of time in alternative areas rather than recycling.
Although recycled batteries are not reused in vehicles, they can be used to store excess electricity generated from solar or wind power plants.