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HomeDigit NewsHow bacteria survive in the permafrost region of Antarctica

How bacteria survive in the permafrost region of Antarctica

Scientists noticed that when exposed to extremely low temperatures, bacteria are reduced to the smallest possible size – 200 nanometers. At this point, they seem to “fall asleep” and stop eating.

To make sure of this in practice, scientists have improved the living conditions for bacteria – they increased the humidity and temperature to the highest possible level for Antarctica. The hypothesis was confirmed: the bacteria began to grow in size and consume nutrients. Their total number increased rather quickly.

In addition to theoretical conclusions, scientists see a practical component in the results of the experiment: by understanding the mechanism of adaptation of bacteria to extreme conditions, it is possible to improve the technologies for the production of drugs and the selection of frost-resistant agricultural plants.

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