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Can the same EV charger be used in every electric car? learn here

Do all electric vehicles use the same plug?

As you may know, most EVs can be charged at home and at various public charging stations, but it’s important to note that not all of them use the same charging connector or ‘plug’. Some can only plug into certain levels of the charging station.

Can the same EV charger be used in every electric car? learn here

On the other hand, some electric vehicles require adapters to charge at higher power levels, and some electric vehicles have multiple outlets to plug the connector into while charging. So in such a situation, before taking the vehicle to any charging station, you should be aware of it.

Can the same EV charger be used in every electric car? learn here

What are the types of EV plugs?

Some electric cars use industry standards, such as the J1772 connector, while electric cars use their own hardware. For example, Tesla only uses a proprietary plug designed for Tesla EVs, so the Nissan Leaf is not able to use the Tesla charging station.

Can the same EV charger be used in every electric car? learn here

Whether you’re using alternating current (AC) or direct current (DC) to charge will affect which plug you use to connect. Both Level-1 and Level-2 charging stations use AC power, and the charging cable that comes with most EVs connects to those stations without issue.

Can the same EV charger be used in every electric car? learn here

There are level-3 fast-charging stations that use DC power, which requires a separate plug with more wires to carry the additional electrical load. The country in which the EV was manufactured also affects its plug.

Can the same EV charger be used in every electric car? learn here

In such a situation, the plug of EV has to be made according to the manufacturing standards of that country. There are four major markets for EVs in the world. These markets include North America, Japan, the European Union and China, all of which use different standards.

Can the same EV charger be used in every electric car? learn here

For AC power, which you get at Level-1 and Level-2 EV charging stations.

J1772 Standard, used in North America and Japan.

Menkes Standard, used in the European Union.

GB/T standard, used in China.

Can the same EV charger be used in every electric car? learn here

For DC fast charging or DCFC stations, these are the charging plugs.

Combined Charging System (CCS) 1, used in North America.

CHAdeMO, mostly used in Japan but not in the U.S. Also available in

CCS 2, used in the European Union.

GB/T is used in China.

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