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Water In Mars: A lot of water found in the valley of Mars, H2O in an area as large as the Netherlands

Great news has come from Mars. A huge amount of water has been found in a big valley there. This discovery has been made by ‘Mangalyaan’ of the European Space Agency and the Russian Space Agency. In fact, this vehicle was searching for hydrogen on the surface of Mars, but it would get such a huge amount of information, it was not even known to the scientists of Europe and Russia. Let us know that on which corner of Mars has so much water been found. (Photo: ESA)

Water in Mars Grand Canyon

The ‘Mangalyaan’ ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Russian Space Agency (Roscosmos) discovered a huge amount of water in the Grand Canyon of Mars. Is. This water is present underground one meter below the surface. (Photo: ESA)

Water in Mars Grand Canyon

ExoMars is orbiting Mars. The FREND payload on this vehicle was engaged in the search for hydrogen around Mars. So that the presence of water can be detected. But suddenly he came to know about the presence of huge amount of water inside the land of Valles Marineris Grand Canyon. As soon as this information was received, the scientists of Europe and Russia were surprised. Because no one had guessed the amount of water. (Photo: Getty)

Water in Mars Grand Canyon

Everyone knows that there was water on Mars. Even now snow is seen there, especially when the winter season comes on Mars. This sight is usually seen in the polar regions of Mars. But icy water is not expected near the equator of Mars, as it is generally warm. But water is present in the depths of the Valles Marineris Grand Canyon, located near the equator. (Photo: ESA)

Water in Mars Grand Canyon

Earlier, ESA’s Mars Express had also collected evidence of Near-Surface Water on Mars. This water was present among the dust particles and minerals. Especially in deep or dark areas from the surface of Mars. But their quantity was very less. But what ExoMars has discovered is surprising because it has detected the presence of a lot of water. (Photo: Getty)

Water in Mars Grand Canyon

Scientist Igor Mitrofanov of the Moscow-based Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences said that the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter can see up to a meter below the surface of Mars. It can also be known where the presence of water is more, where it is less. Which was not seen by the payload of any vehicle sent so far. Its FREND (Fine Resolution Epithermal Neutron Detector) neutron telescope payload is a master in finding water. (Photo: Getty)

Water in Mars Grand Canyon

FREND has located a special place in the Valles Marineris Grand Canyon, where hydrogen is present in the form of water particles under the surface of the land. More than 40 percent of the area here is filled with water. This area is as big as the country of Netherlands. That is, only water is present in an area of ​​41,543 square kilometers. This is the biggest discovery of water on Mars. (Photo: Getty)

Water in Mars Grand Canyon

Igor and his colleagues carefully scrutinized the data and photographs from FREND from May 2018 to February 2021. This payload searches for gas by studying neutrons instead of light. Which is more accurate than the light. Igor said that neutrons are high-energy particles. They are also called Galactic Cosmic Rays. When they collide on Mars, the dry surface produces more neutrons. But if the surface is wet, then neutrons do not come out. According to the calculation of neutrons, we can get an idea of ​​where water is present in a large area. (Photo: Getty)

Water in Mars Grand Canyon

Alexey Malakhov, another scientist at the Space Research Institute and Igor’s colleague, said that due to the excellent technology of FREND, we have got many high resolution pictures. Because of which it has been easy for us to find the presence of water in the Valles Marineris Grand Canyon. The central part of Valles Marineris is filled with water. It is in the same condition as some areas of the earth are in the state of permafrost. Where icy water remains at low temperatures below the dry surface. (Photo: Getty)

Water in Mars Grand Canyon

Alexey Malakhov told that this water can be in the form of ice. Or even in its original form. Or by mixing chemically with any mineral. But it is certain that we have got a huge amount of water in the Valles Marineris Grand Canyon of Mars. Although we expect that this water will be present only in the form of ice. Since it is below the surface, it is safe. If it was above the surface, it would become steam. (Photo: Getty)

Water in Mars Grand Canyon

Water or ice vaporizes because of the heat and pressure on the surface of Mars. The same thing applies to water present with chemically different things. Because maintaining water or ice requires the right temperature, pressure and hydration. So that water particles sticking with minerals and dust particles do not vaporize. Valles Marineris The Grand Canyon is several kilometers deep. As far as light and heat do not reach, the presence of ice or water in permafrost conditions is expected below the surface. (Photo: Getty)

Water in Mars Grand Canyon

In the future, if a human settlement is built on Mars, then water will be needed. That’s why scientists are searching for such places, which are deep. For example, valleys or caves. Where light comes less and darkness is also found in the right amount. If there is a very hot area then it will be difficult to live and also have to face the shortage of water. If water is produced naturally in these areas and it can last for a long time without heat and light, then it will be easy to build a human settlement. (Photo: Getty)

Water in Mars Grand Canyon

With the discovery of water in the Valles Marineris Grand Canyon, many other missions can now be sent to this area in the future, so that the discovery of water can be confirmed. If water exists, it can be made fit for human use. Because this valley of Mars is 10 times longer and five times deeper than Earth’s Grand Canyon.  (Photo: Getty)

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