As a step towards spreading awareness on road safety, the Transport Ministry has also launched an awareness campaign for safe and smooth driving on Twitter. In a written reply in the Lok Sabha, Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari said 57,987 hit and run cases were registered in 2019 and 69,822 in 2018.
Government to compensate ‘hit and run’ victims
He said the government has notified a new scheme to compensate victims of ‘hit and run’ motor accidents. Under this scheme, there is a provision of compensation of Rs 12,500 to Rs 50,000 for grievous injury in case of hit and run motor accident and Rs 25,000 to Rs 2,00,000 in case of death. The minister said that the implementation of this scheme will be done at all India level.
Replying to a separate question in the Lok Sabha, Gadkari said the road ministry makes provisions for electronic monitoring and road safety. It is the responsibility of the State Governments to install appropriate electronic devices on National Highways and State Highways on high-risk and high-traffic corridors.
According to the ministry, a total of 1,20,806 people have died in road accidents during the year 2020. Most of the victims of these accidents were youth. The report said 43,412 (35.9%) of the total road accidents occurred on national highways, while 30,171 (25%) were on state highways. There were 47,223 (39.1%) accidents on other roads.
People in the age group of 18-45 were more victims
According to the report, the maximum number of people in the age group of 18-45 who died in these road accidents. Nearly 70 percent of people in this age group lost their lives in road accidents in 2020. At the same time, the report also said that 87.4 percent of the people in the age group of 18-60 who died were working.
The report also said that the highest number of vehicle categories involved in road accidents were two-wheelers. Whereas light vehicles like cars, jeeps and taxis are in second place together. The share of two-wheeler riders in total deaths was the highest (43.5%) during 2020. 17.8 percent of the people killed in road accidents were pedestrians.
Overspeeding was cited as the main cause of accidents in the 2020 Road Accidents Report. Over speeding accounted for 69.3% of accidents, while driving on the wrong side of the road accounted for 5.6% of accidents.
In terms of road type, 65% of accidents occurred on straight roads, while 15.2% were due to winding roads, potholes and illegal construction on roads. The report said that 72% of road accidents and 67% of fatalities occurred in clear weather.
Tamil Nadu had the highest number of road accidents in 2020, but Uttar Pradesh had the highest number of people who lost their lives in accidents. Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Kerala were among the major states with significant reduction in road accident deaths.