77 institutions and their 280 researchers from 13 countries are working together on a mission. In this mission, two instruments mounted on a high-altitude balloon (balloon) of NASA will play an important role. The balloon and its cargo are currently in the final stages of construction and assembly. The name of the project is ‘Extreme Space Balloon Observatory’. It is also known as EUSO-SPB2. Under the mission, messengers will be discovered in outer space, which is a small, high energy particle and collides with Earth from somewhere in space.
of reports accordingAfter completion of the work, ‘EUSO-SPB2’ will orbit the Southern Hemisphere. It will flow with an air current about 20 miles above Earth to collect data and observe the trails left by the two types of particles.
EUSO-SPB2 will carry two different telescopes to detect two types of particles in space. One of these particles is called ‘ultra-high energy cosmic ray’. These are charged particles. In these, a lot of energy is accelerated from somewhere in space and they sometimes collide with the Earth’s atmosphere. It is believed that these are the most energetic particles ever discovered in the universe.
At the same time, the second particle is the neutrino. Both particles are believed to have come from outside our galaxy, the Milky Way. Possibly from distant galaxies. But till now no one has been able to trace their origin. Scientists are very interested in tracking the origin of these particles. This is expected to reveal their construction. The special thing is that these particles interact very little with matter.
EUSO-SPB2 cannot detect these particles directly, but it can look for signs of them in the atmosphere as neutrinos and cosmic rays collide with molecules on the ground and in the atmosphere. Efforts have been made in the past to find these particles. However, in most of those attempts, the atmosphere has been observed from the ground. This time the observation will be done from the atmosphere down. University of Chicago physicist Rebecca Dijing said the more atmosphere we can see, the better, because ultra-high-energy cosmic rays are extremely rare. In a square kilometer area of the Earth, these particles collide only once in 100 years.
This observatory, which will fly in a high-tech balloon, can be launched by next year. At present, its instrument is being prepared in countries around the world.